The population census in all countries of the world is witnessing an increase that may be undesirable in some developing or developed countries.
Which has led some governments to impose laws and regulations that would reduce the rate of population growth.
For example the “one-child policy”, which is the state’s support for the first child only in the family in terms of free education, health and other support, and the second child is paid by the head of the family. The world population is about 7 billion and 635 million.
In this list we will be showing you the largest countries in terms of population density:
25. South Africa
South Africa is home to multi-ethnic , with a segregationist system of whites and blacks.
The white population in the region is about 5 million. The number of blacks has reached 29 million.
According to census statistics, With a population density of about 46,171,156 inhabitants per square kilometer.
It is noteworthy that the NDP resorted to the use of apartheid after winning the general elections in 1948, and this policy was to reduce the conflicts that were permanent eruption between whites and blacks in that period.
And south Africa is one of the regions that register the largest gathering of Indian groups Beyond Asian borders.
The population of Tanzania consists of more than one hundred and twenty tribes belonging to the Negro and protector elements.
And the most prominent elements Bantu center and the Muslims are more than two million.
And the number of Muslims from the community alone more than a million and a quarter million Muslims There is Islam between Basingha, Makonzi, Mmaloa, And Sumboa also spread Islam between the north-eastern Batu.
Including Njedu and Bujuru and Zamaro, Shama and Tita. The majority of the inhabitants of the Sahel, 62% are Muslims, 40% are Christians.
English is the official language, and Swahili, Bantu and Arabic languages are in some coastal cities.
The estimated population of Tanzania in 1988 by about 24726000 people and thus the number of Muslims in Tanzania about 15.45 million people.
Italy has a population of 60 million, with a population density of 199.2 inhabitants per square kilometer.
This density is the fifth in the European Union. This concentration is concentrated in the north of the country. A large proportion of its population settles in the cities and specifically in the cities on the northern side of Italy.
The population of this country is one of the oldest in the world. Men are about 76 years old and women are about 83 years old. Catholicism is the dominant religion in Italy.
Until 1929, until the founding of the Vatican state, which gained independence in the center of Rome from the same year. In addition to the presence of some minorities Kalahudyh and Muslims.
According to the statistics of 2018, the number of people living in France is about 65,233,271.
They belong to different races, such as Celtic, Latin, Basque, and others. They have different religions.
Christians make up 63 to 66% Muslims are between 7 and 9 per cent, while Buddhists and Jews account for 0.5 to 0.75 per cent.
21. United kingdom
The census is taken simultaneously all over the United kingdom once every ten years.
The Office of National Statistics is responsible for data collection England and Wales, the Public Registry Office of Scotland and Northern Ireland and the statistics of each research agency behind the censuses in their countries.
In the 2001 census the total population The UK was 58.789.194, the third largest in the EU, and the 21st largest in the world.
By the middle of 2010 this estimate has grown to 62.262.000. That year was the third consecutive year of natural change that contributed more to population growth than the long-term international net migration.
Ethnic diversity varies greatly across the UK. 30.4% of London’s population and 37.4% of Leicester’s are estimated to be non-white as of June 2005, while less than 5% of the population in northeast England, Wales and Southwest are ethnic minorities according to the 2001 Census As of 2011, (26.5%) of the primary and 22.2% of the secondary students in public schools in England are members of an ethnic minority.
Thailand is ranked 20th among the world’s most populous countries, with a population of 69.18 million in 2018. The population density is 132.1 people per square kilometer.
According to 2011 estimates, Thailand’s population is 0.91% of the total world population, 52.6% of which are concentrated in urban areas;
36,419, 724 people according to estimates in 2018, and the median age of the population of Thailand 38.3 years.
Thailand has many different ethnicities, especially of Chinese origin, and the Muslim race is Malayo and are concentrated in the south, and the nationalities of Mon and Khmer.
As well as the Christian groups, some Hindus, and other minorities and primitive tribes spread throughout the country.
These minorities accentuate their own customs and traditions.
Turkey is a diverse community of people, and the population of Asian origin is 85%. Many of them emigrated to Anatolia in the 10th century.
Kurd are one of the largest ethnic groups living in Turkey, accounting for 10% of the total. The general population density.
The Arabs are part of the population in Turkey, and most of them work in agriculture.
Turkey has a population of about 80,274,604 in 2016. Almost 90% of the population in Turkey uses Turkish as the official language.
And 6% of the population uses the Kurdish language spread among minority groups of languages. Such as Arabic and Greek.
The living patterns of the population vary depending on the nature of the areas on which they live.
The lifestyle of Turkish urban dwellers differs from those living in the countryside in the form of groups and tribes.
Iran’s population is estimated to be 82,801,633 million, According to the statistics of 2016. Iran’s population is diverse in terms of ethnic groups and cultural differences.
Most of the population is of Persian origin, but a group of other population groups – Arabs, Kurds, Turks, Minorities of Jews, Armenians.
And most of the tribes living on Iranian territory are immigrants who emigrated from Asian countries and settled on the land of Iran. Persian is the official language and predominant in Iran, Such as the press, literature and science.
It is also shared by a range of other languages that are common to the Iranian people, including the Kurdish language and the Turkish language. Arabic is also one of the Semitic languages known among a population.
Before 1979, both English and French were among the languages used by the educated population.
In addition to the Russian and German languages, but these languages are still used in teaching in educational institutions.
17. Democratic republic of the Congo
Small villages are scattered all over the Democratic republic of the Congo countryside, and most of the rural families depend on farming small plots of land and live in small houses with straw roofs.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo has a population of 81,114,224, 71% live in rural areas and the rest in urban areas.
While the population of Kinshasa, the largest city in the country, is about two and a quarter million. More than 99% of the DRC’s population will be immigrants who have migrated to this region from other parts of Africa for at least 2,000 years.
At that time, he lived in the region now known as the Democratic republic of the Congo, other groups of black Africans including the Pygmies. The number of pygmy dwarfs is about 50,000.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is also home to about 1 million African refugees, mostly from Angola, Burundi and Rwanda, as well as some 50,000 Europeans, mostly Belgian.
The Congolese population is of different ethnic groups and sometimes there has been some conflict between these groups.
But since 1965, the government has made some progress in overcoming ethnic differences and created a sense of national unity among citizens.
The German people’s origin goes back to the Germanic tribes that emerged during the Bronze and Iron Age.
Especially in the pre-Roman era, and were taken from the southern parts of the Scandinavian countries, and the northern parts of Germany are home to them. These tribes expanded during the 8th century before Christ.
In the southern, eastern and western parts of Germany, after a series of contacts with Celtic tribes in the Baltic Sea, and with the Slavic in the central and eastern parts of the European continent.
The Germanic peoples then began to expand in many areas and occupied a large area of Germany at that time. The name of the Germanic was then changed to the eastern and western Germans, and the name was changed to the Germans only.
By the end of the year 2015, the population of the country reached more than 81.9 It is the most populous country in the European Union, the second on the continent after the Russian state, with a population density of 227 people per square kilometer.
The average age of Germans is 80.19 years; the average age of males is 77.93 and 82.58 years for females. The country has four large groups known as “national minorities”, since their ancestors have lived in these areas for centuries.
The Danish minority lives In the northern state of Schleswig-Holstein, the Serbs, Slavic people living in the Saxony-Brandenburg region, the Friesians live on the west coast of Schleswig-Holstein.
And in the northwestern part of Lower Saxony. During the year 2014, Germany had seven million out of 81 non-German citizens, while 96% of these people lived in West Germany (urban areas).
The United Nations estimates in 1950 that there were about 28,264,000 people living in Vietnam, which increased dramatically after only five years, reaching about 31,329,000 in 1955, and continued steady growth, even during the long years of the Vietnam War, Which could have had an impact on the population.
Growth continued at a similar level throughout the second half of the 20th century and continued further. Vietnam’s population in 2014 reached 93 million.
Its current population is 96,470,918 million, On Monday, June 25, 2018, based on the latest update The population of Vietnam is 1.26 percent of the world population.
The country is ranked 15th in the list of countries in terms of population, with a population density of 311 people per square kilometer. About 35.2 percent of the population live in urban areas, In Vietnam 30.9 years.
Egypt is the 14th most populous country in the world, 38.7% of whom live in cities. Egypt accounts for 1.3% of the world’s population.
They live on an area of 995,450 square kilometers and their average age is 24.8 years.
A recent campaign in Egypt entitled “Enough Two Children” has been launched to try to control the growing population growth in this country. Egypt’s population is expected to reach 119 million in 2030, according to UN statistics.
The contemporary Philippine community consists of about 100 culturally and linguistically diverse ethnic groups.
Tagalog is the largest of them, and is located on the island of Luzon and Cebuano of the Visayan Islands.
Each accounting for about a fifth of the total population of the Philippines. As scientific studies There are about 150 spoken languages in the Philippines.
Tagalog is the most widely spoken language, with the largest concentration of speakers in Manila, Central and South Luzon, Mindoro Islands and Marinduk.
Four-fifths of Filipinos follow Roman Catholicism, Communities Other Christians have about a tenth of the population. Islam has about 5% of the population, and a small number of Filipinos practicing Buddhism or local religions.
According to the latest UN estimates, the current population of the Philippines is 107,059,248 people. It’s about 1.4% of the world’s population.
It is ranked 13th in the list of population-based countries with a population density of 357 persons per square kilometer, or 925 persons per square meter.
Ethiopia has a population of 107.53 million, according to the estimates of 2018, while the country’s population in the year 2015 is 98.9 million. And this increase made Ethiopia ranked 14th in the world in terms of population.
Ranking second in the continent of Africa after Nigeria, Ethiopia has a population density of 83 people per 214 square kilometers. Making it the world’s 123th place in terms of population density.
Ethiopia covers an area of 1,104,300 square kilometers, making it the largest landlocked country in Africa.
The population of Ethiopia is divided according to linguistic classification. It is based on ethnic linguistic differences in the restructuring of the administrative departments of the state in the 1990s.
The citizens of Ethiopia speak about 100 different languages.
They are divided into four categories: the Nilotic, which belongs to the Nilusaharan language family Which is spoken by a small number of the population of Ethiopia.
The Semitic languages, the Kushis, and the Mosaic. All these languages belong to the Afro-Asiatic family, and most languages are spoken in Ethiopia.
The State recognizes in its constitution all Ethiopian languages, but the Amharic language is more than Languages used in the state, as it is the official language of the Federal Government.
In Japan, the proportion of births during the 19th and 20th centuries increased to 128 million. But in recent years they have decreased because of the high demand for jobs by women.
Tokyo is one of the most populous cities in the world, It has a population of 35 million. The Japanese people are characterized by diversity.
Other ethnic minorities are mixed in, with a million Koreans, 1.5 million Chinese, Taiwanese half a million, Filipinos half a million Finally, there are two hundred and fifty thousand Brazilians in Hokkaido.
Japan’s population is more active in cities, with fewer workers in agriculture; work in agriculture is an additional work for urban farmers. Japanese is the official and traditional language in Japan.
Ninety-nine percent of Japan’s population is Japanese. Births in Japan In 2006, the Japanese government recorded the largest number of births in the year to reach thirty-three thousand and five hundred births, not registered for forty years.
Japan’s population began to decline gradually after the Second World War, and the population declined again in the mid-1970.
Because women were not allowed to leave; these factors reduced the rate of fertility in Japanese society.
As a result, Japan is one of the most populous Countries in the world. Tokyo is the most populated city, followed by Yokohama and Osaka, and Shizuoka is one of the least populated cities.
Tokyo is The richest city is world by 1,893 billion dollar
The population in 2010 shows that the population of Mexico is 112,336,538.
Making it the most populous among Spanish-speaking countries in the world.
The “indigenous” category can be defined according to linguistic criteria, including those who speak or know one of the 62 indigenous languages. Themselves as having an original cultural background.
According to the National Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples in 2005, there are 10.1 million Mexicans who speak indigenous language and claim indigenous heritage, representing 9.8% of the total population.
Mexico is the largest source of immigration to the United States. About 9% of the population born in Mexico now live in the United States.
Population: 143,989,754 The current population of Russia is 143,956,060 people, on the fourth of November 2018 based on the latest estimates of the United Nations.
Equivalent to 1.89% of the world population, and ranked ninth according to the population in the list of global countries.
The population density in Russia is nine people per square kilometer. Russians make up more than four fifths of Russia’s population, yet the state is a multi-ethnic society with more than 120 ethnic groups.
Most of these groups consist of only 1,000 people. One set of these combinations includes More than a million people, including Tatars, Ukrainians, Chechens, Armenians, Bashkirs and Chuvash.
Bangladesh experienced the largest increase in population between the 1960s and 1970s, with a population of 40 million in a decade, from 50 million in the early 1960s to 90 in the early 1970s.
When the government was forced to enact laws Which required individuals to determine birth control in the first eighties, which led to a significant decline in population growth, where the fertility rate of 6 children per mother to 3 children, but it is still experiencing high population growth, which led to the occupation in 2007 Among the most populous countries in the world With a population of 159 million.
According to the projections for the census in 2009, its population exceeded 162 million people living within a very small area of 147.570 km2, with a population density of 1.099.3 people / km 2. Bangladesh is the world’s most densely populated country with the exception of a small number of small countries such as Bahrain.
Bangladeshis occupy the largest proportion of the Bangladeshi population, accounting for 98%. The remaining 2% of the Bangladeshi population consists of immigrants and some tribes, Its presence is in the Chittagong hills. And most of them are immigrants Legitimate people come to her across her border with India and Burma.
Nigeria is the largest African countries in terms of population.
With a population of 170,123,740, a population density of 167.5 people per square kilometer, according to the statistics of 2012.
Nigerian society consists of more than 250 ethnic groups, but the largest ethnic group is the Hausa group living in the northern part of Nigeria, engaged in agriculture, handicrafts, trade, The Yoruba group living in the southwestern part, and the western part of Nigeria, They also work in agriculture.
The Igbo and so-called Ibo, who live in the southeastern part of Nigeria, and are employed in government councils and self-employment. Other ethnic groups, such as Nubian, Ahroobo, Afik, Etskiri, Official Rha.allgh in Nigeria is English, but the population in Nigeria speak several national languages because of the different ethnicities, and these languages.
The Pakistani society is distinguished by its hierarchical nature.
Which provides respect and obedience to the senior family members in the extended families. And the culture among the people of Pakistan.
Whose different religions are the Islamic culture, where the various Islamic values are spread among its population. The Islamic laws control the social and political nature of the population.
Globalization has clearly characterized its population in recent decades, moving away from extended families to small families. Carrying new values that differ from Islamic values.
According to population statistics in 2014, the population of Pakistan is estimated at more than 181 million. The religions of the Pakistani population are different between the Islamic religion, the Christian religion and Buddhism.
However, most of the population of Pakistan has a religion of Islam. It has the second largest number of Muslims, where Muslims are divided into Sunnis and Shiites, constitute the vast majority of the Sunnis. Shiites account for 20% of the total population.
In addition to the Baha’is and Ahmadis who are classified by Pakistan law as having independent religions that are far from Islam. The Christian religion about 1.6% of the total population, while about 30 Buddhists thousand of the country’s population.
Brazil ranks first among the countries of the South American continent and ranks fifth in the world concerning population.
Brazil has a high rate of reproduction for women in an old age. The government allocated a special budget of $ 900 million for the annual census.
The first census was conducted in Brazil in 1872 and the population was 9,930,478.
From 1880 to 1930, 4 million Europeans arrived. Brazil’s population increased significantly between 1940 and 1970, due to the decline in mortality, although the birth rate underwent a slight decline.
In 1940 the annual population growth rate was 2.4%, rose to 3.0% in 1950 and remained at 2.9% in 1960, life expectancy increased from 44-54 years to 72.6 years in 2007.
It has been steadily declining since 1960, from 3.04% Annually between 1950 and 1960 until 1.05% in 2008, and is expected to decline to a negative value of -0.29% by 2050 thus completing the demographic transition.
Indonesia has a population of 237.6 million, with a population growth rate of 1.9%.
Java has 58% of the population, the world’s most populous island. Although the family planning program has been fairly effective and has been in operation since the 1960s.
The population is expected to grow to about 265 million by 2020 and 306 million by 2050.
In 2010, an estimated 13.3% Of the population living below the poverty line, and the unemployment rate was 7.1%.
Indonesia is the largest country in the world in terms of Muslim population, 88.1% of Indonesians are Muslims according to the 2000’s census.
The majority of Muslims in Indonesia are Sunni, 9% of the population are Christians, 3% Hindus, and 2% are Buddhists or other minorities.
Most Indonesian Hindus are Balion, and most of the current Buddhists in Indonesia are ethnic Chinese.
Despite Hindu and Buddhist religious minorities, their influence is still evident in Indonesian culture.
3. United States
The population of the United States of America was 326,625,791 according to the statistics of 2017.
The percentage of the white population was about 72.4% of the total population, while the Asians were about 4.8%, while the black accounted for 12.6% of the total population.
The population of Alaska is about 0.9%. Islanders, such as the Hawaiian Islands and the Pacific Islands, accounted for 0.2% and other nationalities accounted for 6.2%. These percentages were taken from the 2010 statistics.
The population speaks many languages; 79% of them speak English, 3.4% speak Asian languages, 3.7% speak Indo-European languages, 13% speak Spanish, and 1% speak in other languages, according to 2015 statistics.
English is the official language in about 32 states. Hawaii has official Hawaiian language, and there are 20 other languages in Alaska.
The most important problems facing India are population explosion, high population density, and other problems.
India’s population density has had a negative impact, and despite its ability to develop its economic potential, population density has caused many social problems.
The Indian government has tried to put some policies and laws to reduce the rate of population increase.
Since 1956 a birth control law has been put in place, but this law has not been enforced to make it compulsory for the population after several years.
India is the second largest country in the world. Due to the large population, India has a high population density of 446.3 people / km2.
It has many ethnicities, religions and languages, making it rich in cultural diversity. Nutrition, and illiteracy.
China is the world’s most densely populated country.
Accounting for 18.54% of the world’s population, living on an area of 9,388,211 square kilometers. 59.3% of which live in cities, and 37.3 years on average.
The county made the law of the birth of only one child per family in 1979 to control population growth rates, but this law led to a defect in the proportion of young people and adults, which led them to amend the law and allow the birth of two children in 2016.
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